In order to feed the child for a long time and correctly, you need to observe the feeding mode. It is just as important to stimulate lactation and maintain it as long as possible. The possibility of full-fledged breastfeeding is provided by both the choice of products that will use the mother and the frequency of food intake frequency, as well as compliance with the drinking mode. Let's talk about what it is possible, and what can not be included in its nutrition nursing mom.
Food Selection Rules
The main criteria that the mother of the newborn must be guided from the moment of its appearance to the month of age:
Vegetables and fruits are desirable to choose those that grow in the native region. Includes in nutrition there are products of plant origin, which the time has come to be fruit.
If it is possible, it is better to eat vegetables grown on our own garden or on areas of farmers that do not use fertilizers. Then you can eat almost any fruits or vegetables - they will not cause allergies in the child.
Products of plant origin
Vegetables and fruits are definitely needed by the human body - they are sources of nutrients, and also contribute to the normal operation of the intestine, they have a positive effect on the state of the immune system, some improve the quality of milk and strengthen it to work out. However, to enrich them the mumble table, which feeds the child with breasts, it is worth carefully, eliminating those that can cause potential harm to the health of the newborn.
In the first months after childbirth, most of the plant gifts should be used after heat treatment (harvesting, cooking, baking).
Choosing products to your table, nursing mom (especially in the first month after childbirth) it is worth paying attention to the color of the products. Pigmented red fruits and vegetables are more likely to allergic than their green counterparts. It applies to apples, pears, apricots, raspberries, cherries, cranberries, etc.
Whatever vegetable or fruit mom does not enter into its menu, you need to track its effect on the state of the kid and its digestion. In the first month after childbirth, it is possible to include boiled potatoes, zucchini, cauliflower and broccoli. From the second and third month - carrots, beets, pumpkin. Baked apples (green) and raw bananas in small quantities are also allowed from the birth of crumbs (more in the article: how to make baked apples in the oven for nursing moms?).
Official medicine believes that the nutrition of a woman, a nursing child, is unthinkable without animal proteins. The question is the controversial, but those who are used to consuming meat, refuse him in the period of lactation meaninglessly, and even harmful. It is believed that for the baby, a suitable protein will be the one that is extracted from poultry meat (preferably turkey, because chicken can cause allergies), rabbit or calf.
Since many manufacturers use antibiotics in feeds to save livestock and birds from infectious diseases, as well as hormones to accelerate the growth of livestock, better (if possible) use poultry meat grown at home or small farms that do not abuse pharmacological preparations.
In any case, the meat is used boiled or stew. Why can not be fried with breastfeeding? Proteins and vitamins with this form of cooking very quickly destroy, but the carcinogens in the fried dishes are even debt - they are harmful not only for the baby, but also for the mother. From cooking based on meat broth nursing mom also better refuse to 3-4 months.
Nursing breasts Mama can recommend non-fat varieties of fish - Mintai, Sudak, Heck or Flubs. It is believed that they can slightly influence the taste of milk, especially for Cambals or Mackerel. However, there is no confirmed data. The well-known consultant for GW - Natalia Raleshatskaya - argues that there is no direct connection between food used and breast milk, because it is not formed from food, but from the blood components and lymphs.
The gifts of the sea and caviar can cause the strongest allergies, in this sense, the squid is most safe, but it is recommended to be introduced into the diet only closer to six months. In addition, seafood is easy to choose - fish, if it is to eat, should be the freshest. Prepare it, like meat products, it is possible by cooking and extinguishing.
Fish broths are also better not to prepare for the same reasons as meat. Fisheries use all the same antibiotics and hormonal agents.
Crupes, especially during the first month make up the basis of a diet of a nursing woman. The most useful for moms and their kids during breastfeeding period are buckwheat and oatmeal. The corn is allowed (inhibits the processes of rotting in the intestines) and wheat. But the rice cereal is favorite with many displays useful trace elements and is not recommended for constipation. One of the significant advantages of these croup is their low allergenicity and high safety.
Do not have cereal with gluten in the composition (manna, pearl, bone, rye) - they are potential allergens.
Milk and fermented milk products
Milk and fermented milk products - the storehouse of easily digestible protein, contribute to the lactation and normalization of digestion. Regarding the use of milk in the first month after childbirth, the opinions of specialists are diverged. Some categorically do not recommend whole cow's milk, others offer it to drink, adding into faint tea to increase lactation, but limit the amount up to 200 ml per day.
Cottage cheese, like all ferocular products, should be fresh, it can be used no more than 150 grams per day. Liquid fermencling can be drinking no more than 800 ml per day (kefir, ryazhenka, bifilin, yogurt, acidolact, etc.). The fatty of such products should not exceed 2.5%.
Products that are prohibited
Products with the following action are not recommended by mom, nursing his child:
The list of these products is large enough, especially in the first month after childbirth. So, potential allergens can be:
- tropical fruits and citrus
- Red fruits and vegetables;
- caviar, seafood and greasy red fish;
- Chicken eggs;
- cocoa beans and coffee;
- whole cow's milk;
- Crayfish and crabs.
What products are not categorically recommended by nursing mothers? Of course, those that can apply the maximum damage to the baby's health, due to their toxic properties: alcohol, vinegar, all kinds of fast foods, products with dyes and preservatives, smoked, sharp, salted, fatty and fried and spices. These "little joy" from their table a nursing woman is better excluded for the entire period of breastfeeding, they will affect both the newborn and the child 4-6 months from the family.
Watermelon, despite its ability to stimulate the production of milk, it is better not to eat (we recommend reading: can there be watermelons with breastfeeding?). Firstly, this berry is capable of performing allergen, secondly, it accumulates nitrates and urea, which are petrooting watermelons unscrupulous farmers.
When you feed the baby, it is not recommended to eat pastry baking and candy, any products containing cocoa beans and coffee because of their stimulating effect. For the same reason, you do not need to use strong teas (black and green).
Summary table of useful and harmful products
Dr. Komarovsky notes that the food of a pregnant and nursing woman does not differ significantly. Therefore, the main principle of the introduction of products into the diet is the sequence - i.e. The test of the new product is once every 3 days.
We have prepared a table of proper nutrition for mothers, it can be taken as the basis of the daily menu:
|Month||It is impossible||Carefully||Can|
|In the first month|
|From 1 to 3 months||Can add: ||Can add: |
|From 3 months to six months||Can add: |
|From 6 months||Can add: |
Another useful table is a balanced diet of a nursing mom:
|Proteins||Fat.||Carbohydrates||Vitamins and trace elements||Beverages|
|Acidolecoque (without additives) - 500 ml||Creamy butter - 50 gr||Bread and coarse grinding - 200 gr||Vegetables (zucchini, potatoes, pumpkin, cauliflower, eggplants) - up to 800 gr||Tea green - up to 500 ml|
|Milk (in the absence of allergies) - 200 ml||Sour cream - 75 grams||Cereals - 200 gr||Fruits and berries (not brightly painted - red, orange) - up to 500 gr||Compote from dried fruits - up to 500 ml|
|Lucker cottage cheese - 150 gr||Vegetable oil - 20 grams||Juice of green apples and pears - up to 200 ml|
|Cheese - 40 gr||Non-carbonated water|
|Non-fat meat (beef, rabbit, turkey) - 150-200 gr|
|Fish (Sudak, Cod, Heck) - 150 gr|
Immediately after childbirth and when establishing breastfeeding, the woman's body loses a large amount of fluid. This loss must be replenished. Modern pediatrician recommends that 1-1.5 liters of liquid be reduced, based on its own weight - 40-45 ml. per 1 kg. Before feeding, half an hour, you can drink 1 cup of warm water to stimulate lactation.
Water for breastfeeding should be the main drinking fluid. You can use filtered or buy water in bottles (mineral, but without gas).
What can be drinking nursing mom in place of water? Competitives on the basis of dried fruits (prunes and kuragi), apples and pears, rosy rose, herbal moods or fastening hour with milk. However, the latter is recommended to include in the diet after two months. You can also use kisins and frosts (but not more than 1 glasses per day).
The doctor is an obstetrician-gynecologist, a reproductologist, an infection consultant, graduated from CSU them. Ulyanov with a specialization Gynecology, MammologyMore »
How to eat in the first months after childbirth? What should be breastfeeding ?
Today we will discuss this topic and try to bring order in such a variety of contradictory information.
Perhaps if you are still waiting for the baby, this question is not as pressing, but I assure you that on the very first day after the birth of your long-awaited baby, the issue of nutrition of a nursing mother will appear in front of you in all its glory.
In the maternity hospital, they often give what they are being prepared for everyone, so hope that you will be fed with compliance with all the recommendations for a nursing mother is not worth it.
It is better to plan nutrition options in advance after childbirth and immediately write a list of products that you can bring after childbirth, and you will eat with a calm soul.
Here such a letter recently received from my subscriber:
"Lyudmila, good afternoon! Regarding questions about the topic of nutrition, you want to know a lot, because the available information is contrary to and a clear understanding of me so far, although the son is already 1.7.
And I plan for the next pregnancy, I understand that clarity was not added, and so I want to feel a confident and calm mom!
More in his interests nutrition of a nursing mother during the first months of GW and in the period when the child has grown. Catherine"
Let's look at her question in detail.
Food during breastfeeding
There are 2 approach to nutrition after delivery:
- First approach suggests that after childbirth you can with a clean conscience eaten Just as during pregnancy.
Of course, I am writing it hoping that you fed right and fully. Lemonades, fast food, semi-finished products, canned food - were excluded. If you did not think about this topic, I recommend immediately go to the second approach.
On the one hand, everything is logical - during pregnancy, when you drone, nutrients fell with a blood flow to the child and, we can say that he is already familiar with your diet.
After childbirth, it will get nutrients along with breast milk. Directly no products to the child do not fall, which means there is no need to withstand a strict diet.
You can also make an analogy with the animal world, and we will see that all animals after childbirth continue to eat as well as before, no one is looking for new food, no longer ceases to eat what he echoed until the bottom of the birth.
Agree that there is a rational grain? BUT! We cannot forget that, born, the child in the first months after childbirth is subjected to colossal loads.
The fact of birth is compared with the way if you, an adult, changed completely their habitat and would have to rebuild to new conditions.
Nervous, immune, digestive and other systems are immature and are still capable of giving failures.
Also, the fact of the pregnancy was also of great importance, childbirth and how did the first feeding passed - did a child brewish, did you manage to protect the immature intestine and throw my mother's microflora there?
If at some stage there was a failure, then most likely it will be reflected on the skin of the baby. Jumps, redness, peeling - you can now see all this, and track.
Of course, a more sense of responsibility appears in front of the child - "I ate, and he is now bad, all the cheeks are red ..."
So I'm closer Second approach To the nutrition of a nursing mother:
- It is different More careful introduction of products in your diet.
It is understood that after childbirth within 2-3 weeks, we observe the diet.
Not tough: water and bread, but quite nutritious and sufficient to satisfy the increased need for you, as a nursing mother, in nutrients, but at the same time gentle and not loading the child's immune system.
Also, a very significant moment is that in the first days after childbirth, and in principle, in the first month after childbirth, there are often problems with the intestines with you, like a nursing mother.
During pregnancy, he was composed, during childbirth, especially if you did the enema, was exposed to strong tension and microflora impaired, therefore such phenomena as hemorrhoids, constipation accompany the nursing mom often. A gentle diet helps you to normalize the work of the intestine.
What products can be used with breastfeeding?
Alternatively, you can use this sign.
- High-caliped products:
- Vegetables, fruits and bright red and orange berries, as well as kiwi, pineapples, avocado, cucumbers.
- Broths, marinades, salted and sharp dishes, canned food, meat and fish smoked, spices.
- Products containing dyes and preservatives.
- Carbonated drinks, kvass.
- Sauer cabbage, radish, radishes, fermented cheeses (cheese, Suluguni, Adygei), ham, sausages.
- Bean (peas, beans, lentils).
- Equality products (kefir, bifoxifier, bifox, yogurts without fruit additives, etc.).
- Cereals (buckwheat, corn, rice, oat and dr.).
- Vegetables and fruits (green, white color).
- Soups - Vegetarian.
- Meat - low-fat varieties of beef, pork, turkey fillet, chickens in boiled and stew, and also in the form of a steam kitlet.
- Bread - wheat 2nd grade, Rye, Darnitsky.
- Drinks - tea, compotes, frost.
And closer to the end of the second-third month after childbirth, you can enter new products. You can get a nursing mother's power table on this page.
See also a small video tutorial about vegetables for nursing mom:
How is a new product in nutrition of a nursing mother introduced?
Better 1 time in 3 days. Do not hurry. For example, you want to try a chicken. Adhere to the following plan:
- On the first day they ate a small piece.
- In the morning of the second day, looked at the child - if the skin is clean, it means that you eat the chicken on this day.
- We see the third day in the morning, and if everything is in order, then you eat the chicken for the 3rd day.
This introduction of new products is of course a long and not comfortable, but you will know exactly what the product is safe for your baby, there is no reaction. Sometimes allergies do not appear immediately, but carries a cumulative nature, so we introduce the product for several days in a row.
In fact, reading these lines, you can get frightened that everything is very difficult, but everything will be depend on the child .
If you eat moderately and without explicit allergens and see that the skin is clean, there is no pimples in the child, there is no redness - perhaps the diet is not necessary and not needed, expand the diet without waiting for 2 months.
However, if the skin is red, there are pimples, their number increases better progress and limit the set of food eaten.
It is possible to estimate with an accuracy of allergies or not after 1.5-3 months, when such a phenomenon ends like "blooming" newborns and most of the kids skin becomes smooth and clean.
Nursing Mom's Food Mode
I believe that you need to eat at will. The nursing mother eats a lot, because energy consumption is increasing, and consider that the child sucks the chest and day and night, so the 3 meals a day is canceled.
Try to eat 4-5 times a day and be sure to drink clean water!
Clear water, drinking 10-15 minutes before meals, creates wonders and with your skin, provides water balance, is well absorbed by cells, reduces thirst. Tea, frost, compote is an extra liquid that you can drink at your own.
So let's summarize our big conversation on how to eat a nursing mom in the first month after childbirth. And in the first months of the child's life.
7 main tips on food after childbirth from breastfeeding consultant
- No need to refuse yourself in everything.
Food Women In the first month of breastfeeding, it does not differ from the supply of people leading a healthy lifestyle. Trust your intuition, listen to the body and your child - so you yourself learn how to determine what product consumption needs to be reduced or added.
- Try to eat only freshly prepared food, completely eliminate all canned food or semi-finished products.
- Enter more dairy products containing calcium into its diet.
- Refuse fat and fried products.
- Buying meat, give preference to low-fat varieties, such as veal, chicken breast, turkey, rabbit.
- Mintai, Navaga, Piksha, Putassu, good of the fish. Choosing products on the market, pay attention to their freshness.
- It is permissible to include vegetables and fruits in your diet. Only first try to give little, and if everything is fine, you can safely have everything you want.
Please write in the comments:
- What is terrible to happen if you eat the way you fed before the birth of a child?
- What manifestations of the child make you choose products? (Maybe he shouts at your nights, or the cheeks are all red, or it can not pump for 10 days)
In general, what worries - then write.
We arrange a small batch in the comments.
One of the first problems that a woman thinks, quite recently gave birth to a child, - what can you now eat, what products are allowed? The diet of a nursing mother is a very sharp question, although in fact you can eat everything that it used to pregnancy and during it, but provided that it is rational and healthy eating. It is it that provides stable lactation, admission to a child along with breast milk of all necessary macro and trace elements, antibodies and vitamins. In addition, the correct diet is important in order to become faster, because many women leave the maternity hospital not only with the baby, but also with several truly extra kilograms on the sides and the waist.
The problem of excess weight of pregnant and nursing
A healthy lifestyle and balanced nutrition is very important for a young mother. With the coming in the family of the new member, ensuring the correct growth and development of the baby is the main care of the mother. But it is equally important to maintain their health and appearance, especially if we are talking about excess weight.
Recent studies show that the composition of breast milk in mothers with normal weight differs from those in women with overweight. Moreover, some deviations in the amount of low molecular weight metabolites detected in breast milk too complete mothers are possible obesity risk factors in children. These data are published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
It is known that maternal obesity is one of the most influential risk factors for the development of children's obesity. And it, in turn, increases the risk of a 2nd type diabetes and many other health complications. It is known that one of the provocateurs is the impact of nutrition in the postpartum period.
Diet nursing mom and its weight
The researchers analyzed the content of breast milk and the composition of the children's body tissues (the ratio of fat and muscles) aged from one to six months in 35 pairs of a mother-child. Mothers were divided into body mass index to pregnancy (BMI) and after two groups:
- less than 25 (normally);
- Over 25 (overweight / obesity).
Scientists analyzed the concentration of 275 special substances in breast milk. The goal was to determine the molecular peculiarities of breast milk depending on the weight of the mother, and then determine whether the diet of the nursing mother was predicted and overweight any problems in health in the first months of the child's life. 20 different substances were identified: they are in the milk of women with obesity, but they were not at mothers with a normal body weight.
Proper diet of women
The key principle of healthy breastfeeding is the balance of nutrients entering the mother's organism and from there to breast milk. A woman needs to comply with a balanced correct diet, which contains a sufficient number of all product groups:
- Cereals: It is worth choosing wholegrain bread and buckwheat croup, wheat, oatmeal, rice, as they contain more fiber and nutrients.
- Fruits and vegetables: It is worth choosing the fruits of bright colors, as they give a lot of antioxidants and vitamins. It is useful to eat raw fruits and vegetables, as they are nutritious.
- Proteins: Lean meat, fish, eggs and legumes are needed, because they provide the required amount of protein necessary for the body. Be sure to include fish rich in omega-3, for example, salmon.
- Vitamins and minerals: Low fat milk and yogurt are enriched with many necessary vitamins and minerals, especially calcium and fat-soluble substances.
How to make your diet correctly?
It is worth knowing that you can feed the baby with breasts and quite diverse, tasty and satisfying, while not gaining overweight. Most importantly: a well-balanced diet, frequent meals with small portions and consumption of sufficient liquid. To make your daily menu, you need:
- Use squirrels (bird, meat, eggs, fish, dairy products, nuts, beans and seeds) 2-3 times a day;
- include 300 g of dark green and yellow vegetables in your diet every day;
- Eat about 200 g of fruit daily;
- There are whole grain products, such as wheat bread, flakes, oatmeal and pasta from solid wheat varieties.
If a vegetarian woman, it is necessary to make sure that it uses food rich in zinc daily daily, such as dried fruits, legumes, dairy products, seeds and nuts. Iron is a vital nutrient, and the mother should include products or supplements of iron to their diet. Perhaps mom will have to take supplements with vitamins B12 to ensure the sufficient level of this vitamin in the body of the child.
There is evidence that excess gluten in maternal nutrition can affect the health of the kid. Therefore, it is important to discuss the issue of nutrition with a doctor.
Women's body during breastfeeding requires additional calories. On average, for the production of the required baby, the volume of milk may be required about 500-600 kokalorius per day. As soon as the child starts to eat hard food, from about 6 months, the body will produce less milk, and the mother will be able to reduce the consumption of calories.
How to return to a premented weight?
Breastfeeding burns a lot of energy, but mom will need many months to return to their normal weight. There are several tips on a diet that can help mom lose weight:
- It is necessary to choose steam food, baked or boiled;
- consume lean meat, bird and fish;
- Vegetables - at least 300g per day;
- fruit - at least 200g per day;
- non-fat dairy products;
- Animal fats - no more than 10-15 g per day;
- To pay physical exertion at least half an hour every day.
What should be reduced or not used?
- High fat products, such as cream desserts, chips and fatty dishes, fast food.
- Sweet products such as fruit juices, non-alcoholic carbonated drinks, cakes and sweet cookies.
Any nursing mother should know about products that may not fit when breastfeeding. These products can have a negative impact on the child. Here are some products that can cause problems in children:
- Spicy spices, chili pepper (change the taste of milk);
- citrus (can provoke allergies);
- Vegetables, such as cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli (can lead to colic);
- Caffeine who can break the sleep of a child.
Used photographic materials shutterstock
- Childbearing and Obesity in Women: Weight Before, During, And After Pregnancy / Gunderson, Erica P. // ObStetrics and Gynecology Clinics. = 2009.
- Effect of Dietary Macronutrient Composition Under Maternal Adaptation During Lactation / Mahammad, Mahmoud A., Agneta L. Sunehag, And Marey W. Haymond // The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. = 2009.
- Impact of Maternal Nutrition on Breast-Milk Composition: A Systematic Review / Bravi, Francesca, et al // the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. = 2016.
- Human Milk Short-Chain Fatty Acid Composition Is Associated With Adiposity Outcomes In Infants / Philippa M PRENTICE, Marieke H Schoemaker, AT All // The Journal of Nutrition. = May 2019.
Mom's nutrition with breastfeeding is very important not only for the health of its baby, but also to restore the physical form after delivery. It is very important that the child with breast milk will receive all nutrients that would not bring his discomfort in the tummy and did not cause allergic reactions. Therefore, moms should know that they should eat for this and in what quantity.
General power rules Mom with breastfeeding
Many young mothers are wondering how breastfeeding will affect their diet, because the quality of milk depends on food. Some moms in breastfeeding are so prone to taboos and obligations regarding its diet, that breastfeeding may seem too difficult to endure for a very long time. Unfortunately, in most cases there are current grounds for the existence of these rules. Breastfeeding is the normal stage of the reproductive life of a woman, where, as at all other stages of her life, her diet should be a healthy, balanced and adequate, taking into account any specific medical conditions. In our daily life, most of us have eating habits that are not "perfect", but still quite good to ensure quite proper nutrition. A woman who is not strictly adhered to his diet can be successfully breastfeeding. However, it is important to keep in mind that good nutrition helps mothers support their health.
One of the important properties of breast milk is that it can fully provide a child in calories and all necessary nutrients, even if the diet of a nursing mother is not good enough. However, if the nutrition of the young mother is a small-calorie, or preference is given to one group of foods with the exception of others, it can affect the quality and amount of your milk.
Therefore, the main thing is that you need to remember is not to starve, especially with the goal of resetting overweight after pregnancy. After all, the main thing for the mother now is the health of her child, and the physical form will be restored gradually by proper nutrition, and not fastness at all. When mom does not receive the necessary useful substances with food that she needs, her body relies on its reserves, which can ultimately be exhausted. In addition, mom needs energy and effort to care for the newborn.
There are several principles of proper nutrition of a nursing mother - this is sufficient caloric content, balance, saturation of vitamins and useful substances, the absence of harmful and allergic products. But it must be borne in mind that although there are main principles, but the approach to nutrition is individual, because some kids carry some products well, and others are not very good. A diverse diet is the one that includes an assortment of various groups of products without excluding any particular product. But even in the case of specific allergies or food intolerance of a diet, which includes various types of food and varies from food to food, day after day and from season to season, will help reduce reactions that may occur when re-consuming a large number of specific product.
Many nursing mothers feel hungry almost all the time, which makes sense, because your body works around the clock to make your milk full and nutritious. There is no single answer to what exactly calorie food should be in every nursing mother. The exact amount of calories depends on the number of individual factors, such as the weight, how much do you have physical activity per day, how quickly and effectively pass metabolic processes in the body, and how often you breastfeed. But in general, moms who regularly feed the child need from 2000 to 2500 calories per day. Mom, which is less active, has higher reserves of adipose tissue or feeds food, more calorie, may require less calories than mom, which is more active, has less fat stocks and eats more processed products. Instead of counting calories, follow your feeling of hunger as a guide to how much you need.
Is it possible to eat nursing mom for the night? The newborn eats the day and at night the same, so hunger at mom at night after feeding the same as during the day. Therefore, mom can and even need to eat at night to ensure normal lactation. Another question is the weight of the mother who may increase due. In this case, the mother must give preference to light products - kefir, cottage cheese, lightweight soup, which will add energies and do not have properties to be deposited in excess weight. Sometimes it is simply impossible to fall asleep after night feeding because of the feeling of hunger. This is certainly understandable, because after feeding the child, mom loses many calories. In this case, it is impossible to starve, and regular exercises will help in the loss of excess weight. The diet with reduced calorie content in the first few months can reduce the amount of milk produced and the child may admire.
Balanced is one of the main criteria not only for the health of the child, but also to normalize the physical form of the mother. The use of the correct combination of proteins, carbohydrates and fats contributes to the assimilation of the amount of substances that your body and the child's body are necessary. Complex carbohydrates such as whole grains and cereals, some vegetables, not only provide calorie content, but they provide longer energy.
Some ingredients in maternal milk are present in permanent proportions in all nursing mothers. Others may vary depending on the maternal diet. We know, for example, that the type of fat in the maternal diet is closely associated with the type of fat in milk, which is in mom, although the calorie content in breast milk is quite stable. Therefore, when you need to choose fats, it is necessary to give preference to mono- and polyunsaturated fat. Products rich in such useful fats are olive oil and fatty fish (for example, salmon), avocado, olives, nuts and seeds. It is important to limit saturated fats with this, which are easily absorbed and considered unhealthy. They are in oily meat, tropical oils (such as palm core and coconut), butter and fat. Obtaining too much of these unhealthy fats with food can change the fat structure of your breast milk, which is bad for your child's health.
Most nursing mothers can use a wide variety of products in a diet without any objections from their child. In fact, the taste of breast milk, which the child feels depends on the quality of the products. The use of your favorite products gives your child a "taste" of your diet, and it can help him form its taste preferences in the future. This must be taken into account later with your meals.
A rather frequent problem is an allergic reaction at the kid on the fact that the mother eats. If so, you can notice the reaction on its skin (rash) and eliminate such products.
Even despite the fact that your food is rich in vegetables and fruits that are sources of vitamins, you can continue to receive vitamins that took during pregnancy. This is especially true when there is very few fresh useful products on the street in winter or spring. After that, you can switch to a regular multivitamin and mineral additive or stay on your prenatal vitamin, depending on your individual needs.
You have to use at least three times a day, a portion of rich in calcium products (such as milk and other dairy products, canned fish or products enriched with calcium, such as cereals, juices, soy and rice drinks and bread). If there are no such products in your diet or they are not in such a quantity, then you need to receive additional calcium. The recommended dose for women before, during and after pregnancy is 1000 milligrams.
If you are going to take calcium, also be sure to add Vitamin D. This is vitamin, which contributes to the structure of a strong bone tissue and stabilizing the overall health status. Vitamin D also helps your body absorb calcium, and it can reduce the risk of development in further diabetes and some autoimmune diseases. But the properties of vitamin D are such that it is not transmitted with breast milk, so the mother must provide itself with vitamin D, and the child also additionally uses medicines.
A healthy diet offers many advantages that go beyond those that directly affect breastfeeding. The whole family, including a child, which will soon eat with others, reaps the fruit, because healthy habits are installed. Even if there are no nutrients in the daily diet, it will still produce milk, which will help her child grow. You just need to know the main principles of nutrition, based on which mom can eat products and follow the reaction of their child.
Foods that need mom when breastfeeding
It should be noted that "forbidden products" during breastfeeding is practically no, and all dietary recommendations are individual. But there are basic groups of products that should be included in the daily diet. What can I want to eat nursing mom? The main criterion is the reaction of the child to what Mom eats. And if for some women to eat cabbage or drinking coffee is categorically impossible, then for others these products can be acceptable, because the child reacts normally to them.
The smaller the child, the greater the likelihood of allergic reactions or problems with the tummy. Therefore, if there are restrictions in nutrition, then they are especially strict in the first months, and further diet can expand.
Proper nutrition of moms with breastfeeding per month provides for the use of products that do not cause problems with problems at this age, although there used to be colic or other disorders.
The main groups of products that must be included in the diet of a nursing mother, this is the guarantee of proper nutrition and use for the child.
Fresh vegetables and fruits (preferably in the season) of all kinds, eat raw or boiled. Select products that are in this season in your area, such as apples, plums, grapes. Products that travel over long distances often contains more pesticides. Fresh products have better taste, contain more vitamins and less susceptible to oxidation or damage caused by storage in less ideal conditions. The shorter the time interval between harvest and food consumption, the healthier will be fruit or vegetable. Nursing mothers need vitamins and every day you need to eat fresh vegetables or fruits twice. Lingonberry and Kalina are berries that have a huge amount of nutrient extracts and antioxidants. These berries are filled with useful vitamins and minerals, due to which it is possible to maintain a high level of energy. Grapefruit and other citrus fruit - it is an excellent fruit, because lactating mothers require more vitamin C.
Spinach, romola, parsley and dill contain vitamin A, which is useful for a child. Green vegetables are also filled with antioxidants.
Various grains (wheat, rice, corn, barley, millet) preferably integer, in various forms, in the form of one-piece or broken nuclei, as well as semolina and the minimum amount of flour (and products of them, including bread and pasta).
Folic acid is crucial for the development of your child in the early stages of pregnancy. But its meaning does not end. Folic acid is an important nutrient in your breast milk, which you need to have your child for good health. Whole grain bread and paste is enriched with folic acid, and also gives a healthy dose of fiber and iron.
Protein products from animal sources (dairy products, eggs, meat and fish) and vegetable sources (lentils, legumes, soybeans). Nursing mothers needed protein and iron, which are important for the structure of erythrocytes and providing cells with oxygen. Iron is present in meat, legumes, green vegetables, solid beans and some dried fruits.
Omega-3 is an important fatty acid necessary for children for the development of the brain. You can increase its amount in your milk by consuming fish 2-3 times a week. The best sources of Omega-3 are: salmon, blue fish, bass, trout, flounder and tuna. Do not eat squid, shark and royal scumbers. They contain high levels of mercury.
A balanced diet can be achieved by eating various products from each of these food groups, as well as by consuming individual products in different forms, such as the use of various varieties of fruits and vegetables or cooking in different ways. Some vitamins and proteins are better absorbed if there are other vitamins and minerals at the same time. For example, iron is used better if vitamin C is present in the diet. On the other hand, the excess of certain types of products can be harmful. A large amount of protein, for example, can lead to the fact that the body will get rid of the extra quitamins and minerals.
Additives in food products should be minimized. The use of preservatives prolongs the shelf life, often simply masking the processes of natural wear. The preservative itself usually does not benefit our health, and food products in any case are less nutritious than if it were fresh. Fragrances and dyes retain the taste of food and smell well in the interval, which goes when it is processed, packaged, is transported and eaten. Some coloring have vegetable origins and usually do not cause problems. Other colors are obtained from animals or synthetic, and there may be a cause of hypersensitivity and related problems.
All food must be processed to a minimum. Only in this case, all nutrients are preserved, originally present in food.
Milk and cheese are an important part of a diet of a nursing mother. In addition to providing proteins and vitamins of group B, such products contain a lot of phosphorus, as well as using their milk loaded with calcium, to ensure normal synthesis of bone cell cells and at mom, and in a child. Therefore, it is important for you. There is a sufficient amount of calcium to meet your own needs. Try to include at least three cups of dairy products every day in your diet. Cow's milk and dairy products are sources of this mineral in this case. There are many other good sources of calcium, including: canned fish, such as salmon or mackerel, which contains bones that become soft during processing, and there are easier, anchoous paste (from whole anchovs) also has a high calcium content. Seed seeds should be chewed well to increase the body's ability to use calcium contained in them. Tofu or soy cheese, which is often coagulated using a rich calcium substance, is an important part of a traditional diet enriched with calcium. Some types of algae (marine vegetables, such as VAKAME), fermented products (MISO) and seasonings, including soy sauce, can also contribute to the enrichment of breast milk by calcium, as well as many other useful substances that are especially important for a nursing mother. But this does not mean that every mother must necessarily have all these products. Some of these products should be present in the diet several times a week and it will be enough.
Almonds or other types of nuts and dry fruits, such as walnuts and dry, figs It is important to consume in moderate quantities due to the high caloric content of these products. Therefore, such products need to be reasonably limited, especially if there is unwanted reactions in a child.
How much do you need to drink a nursing woman? In general, drinking to the sensation thirst is a good rule. Many mothers experience thirst when they breastfeed, especially when a child is a newborn. Therefore, it will be useful during breastfeeding with the need to drink a glass of water. You don't need to drink outside your needs, as it does not help increase the amount of milk.
Herbal teas and infusions are a pleasant way for many women to increase fluid consumption. Although many believe that some herbs can increase milk production, we know that if the child does not empty the chest regularly, then the production of milk will not reach its upper potential. An excessive amount of herbal teas can be harmful for both mother and child, so they should be used moderately and with caution.
There are no products that should be avoided simply because you are breastfeeding.
The issue of drinking coffee is always considered a discussion. Even a small amount of caffeine falls into your breast milk, and it can accumulate and lead to tachycardia in a child and his anxiety. Most mothers limit caffeine consumption (including coffee, tea, soft drinks, energy drinks, chocolate) no more than 300 mg per day. But it must be said that this is normal if the mother can drink the morning cup of coffee while breastfeeding, not exceeding the norm once a day. If there is no reaction in a child, then you can afford it. Mom's diet with breastfeeding in 1 month can be more limited, because during this period the child has the functional activity of the intestine is not yet developed, and there are often problems such as colic, constipation or diarrhea. Therefore, in the first month of life, it is necessary to limit not only caffeine, but also other products, such as broccoli, cabbage, Brussels, dairy products, chocolate, citrus, garlic or chili pepper - they can all contribute to violations of normal digestion. Mom's nutrition for breastfeeding in 2 and 3 months can be slightly expanded and introduced products that were limited. You need to start with a small amount, and if the child has no reaction, then increase.
Avoid alcohol during breastfeeding, especially in the first month after your child's birth. Alcohol quickly passes into breast milk (for 30-60 minutes your breast milk has the same alcohol content, the same as in your blood). If you are going to enjoy alcoholic beverages, keep in mind that your body takes two to three hours to eliminate alcohol. Specific time frames depend on how much you drink. Children consume less milk for four hours after alcohol falls into the milk, thus protecting itself. A child can become sleepy and fall asleep faster after you drink. But the harm for drinking alcohol with breastfeeding is indisputable, so alcohol uniquely needs to be excluded from the diet of a nursing mother.
Mom's nutrition with breastfeeding is an important factor that affects the quality of breast milk. But it must be remembered that there are no strict restrictions in certain products, but all the recommendations are individual. It is usually recommended that a nursing mother eats when he wants, in those quantities that she likes, and continued to do this if the child has no explicit reaction to a certain food. After all, the pleasure of feeding should be not only at the kid, but also at Mom.
Tips for nursing mom powered
Use a variety of products daily.
After childbirth, Mom has less and less time. And it often happens that the diet with breastfeeding is reduced to rapid snacks than. As a result, mommy eats scum and monotonous. No matter how difficult it is necessary to work on the diversity and balance of your daily diet after childbirth.
There are small portions, 5-6-fold food intake is desirable daily.
One of the main points in nutrition for nursing mothers - mode. Food techniques need to be carried out in a timely manner, without long interruptions. This will help to maintain the body relaxed in a tone as a result of genera, and will also contribute to the production of breast milk.
Eliminate the use of fast food dishes.
With breastfeeding, a woman needs to more critically approach the choice of products. Every time you need to evaluate them from the point of view of use for the kid.
Do not sit on a rigid diet after childbirth, to use calorie food.
A sufficient amount of calories in the cooked food is the key to high nutrition of breast milk. That is why experts prohibit women diet with breastfeeding newborn, which are implied by starvation.
Drink enough drinking water daily.
The basis of the nutritional mother's nutrition after childbirth is not only a responsible and scrupulous approach in choosing products. No less important is the volume of water consumed. This helps to avoid dehydration of the body (which is often in the postpartum period) and contributes to the establishment of lactation.
Food for nursing mom
So, what do you need to eat with breastfeeding? Experts note that the basis of a diet for nursing mothers is protein food. Products for nursing include meat and fish dishes, fermencker.
Fish products (especially salmon) is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, which have a positive effect on the tuning and the well-being of a woman. It is necessary to include in the food of the mother of the newborn, because it gives cheerfulness and additional tide. Oryan-saturated fatty acids and for infants, they play a huge role in the normal development of the baby's nervous system.
In the daily diet, mom should also enter Non-fat meat . We are talking about beef, white poultry meat, rabbit and turkey dishes. These products are an indispensable component of mothers protein. They contain iron and vitamins of Group V.
Households and relatives should take care that there is a nursing mother in the nutrition Equiphertic products . In the refrigerator should always be kefir and curd products. It is also desirable to use yogurt, cheeses. Equalochka, included in the daily diet of mom with breastfeeding, supplies calcium, protein, vitamins to the body.
If we talk about the approximate menu of nursing mom and postpartum diet, then you can not mention Eggs as well as fruits . The first provide the body with iterative substances, and the second - vitamin D. The uncontrolled use of fruits can cause problems, they are needed in moderation. Buy green apples, bananas or pears. And in parallel with their use, follow the condition of the kid. Eggs - the necessary food product for a nursing mother, but try to buy.
Menu for nursing mom by months
Need to say. That the approximate feed menu of the nursing mother is different by months. It depends on the time that has passed since the child's birth. The diet of a nursing woman define such factors. Like the well-being of mom after delivery (whether complications were complications, it does not require a diapety), the indicators of the physiological state of the most infant.
It should be borne in mind and be prepared for the fact that the nutrition of a nursing mother in the first month is constant numerous restrictions in the choice of food. The task of a woman in an adaptation point is to establish food-dependent breast feeding, restore their own immunity and take care of the health of the baby. That is why food for nursing mothers in the first month becomes selective.
Below is the nursing mother's power table by months. It is prescribed in it, which is recommended to enter in a certain period after the date of delivery. When studying the table, please note that with each new month the diet for the mother of the newborn is expanding. This happens as the baby grows, the improvement of the work of its digestive system and the strengthening of natural immunity.
Nutrition Table Nursing Mom Newborn for months
Food for a nursing mother
In the first month
Barrieval cereals, buckwheat and rice, fermented dairy products, soups, grain bread products, steady vegetables.
In the second month
Barrieval cereals, buckwheat and rice, fermented dairy products, soups, grain bread products, steady vegetables.
In 3 months
Oatmeal and semolina porridge, dishes with barley and pesh, sour cream, fresh berries, fruits (but not red), natural juices (apple. Pumpkin or carrot), onion.
In 4 months
Bean cultures. fish dishes. potatoes.
At 5-6 months
Almond and walnuts, low-fat meat, spinach, dill, lettuce leaves, sorrel, non-observant cheeses.
At 9-12 months
Lemon, fresh berries, pepper, pork in small quantities.
Nursing mother's power table for months is not mandatory for execution. It should be taken into account when breastfeeding a newborn. Experts advise to monitor the condition of the crumbs and clean the dishes from the menu that cause a negative reaction.
What is not recommended nursing mothers
In the table we summarized meals for nursing moms by months, specifying that you can eat mom after the generic process, which products do not harm the baby. While he is on natural feeding. A woman will have to adapt to his needs. selectively approaching food selection. The menu of a nursing mother should not consist of dishes with harmful additives, especially in the first months. It is necessary to exclude:
- Tea and coffee drinks of increased fortress, alcohol, gas, chocolate products;
- Citrus, some seafood, poorly roasted or raw fish;
- soy-based products, as well as products containing taste amplifiers;
- dubbed, sweet, too fat and sharp dishes;
- marinated and canned products;
- Grapes, red apples, strawberries;
- Peanuts, honey.
The most important thing is what mommy should remember is - food with breastfeeding for months should be uninterrupted and useful. Do not forget that the health and mood of the baby depends on your menu.
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So that with milk, the baby get enough useful substances, vitamins and minerals, mom should stick with a balanced and diverse menu of nursing mom. The food must undergo strict quality control, be hypoallergenic, fresh and eco-friendly. It should be excluded from the diet products containing preservatives, artificial dyes, taste amplifiers and other chemical additives.
While you feed the baby breasts, new products need to be introduced in our menu gradually, preferably one new product once every two weeks - so that you can watch the child's well-being, his mood, the condition of its skin and chair.
There are general guidelines for what foods can be included in your nursing mom's menu, and from which it will have to refuse. What are these requirements?
Breastfeeding: Prohibited Products
- Coffee, Cocoa, Strong Tea
- Citrus and exotic fruits
- Acute food, spicy herbs (mint) and seasonings
- Raw onions and garlic
- Soy products
- Seafood, caviar
- Chicken eggs in case of allergies in the kid
- Vegetables, fruits and berries of orange and bright red
- Marinades, smoked, canned food, fermentation products (kvass, cheeses, sauerkraut)
- Carbonated drinks
- Products containing food additives, dyes and preservatives
- With caution - Gas formation products (all kinds of cabbage, legumes, grapes, black bread)
Some of these products act excitingly to the child's nervous system and impede normal sleep; Others are hardly absorbed by another imperfect digestive tract; Thirdly able to cause food intolerance and allergies. Fortunately, products that are allowed in the menu of a nursing mother and her child, much more, and all of them will gradually be introduced into the diet as the kid grows.
As a rule, the diet of a nursing mother varies somewhat from month to month - together with the needs of the child's growing body.
Immediately after childbirth, food for a nursing mother will not differ variety. Do not be discouraged, it is temporary! And even in conditions of a limited set of products, you can make an interesting menu for yourself. Carefully look at the list recommended by your doctor, and choose three or four breakfast options, dinners and dinners. Permitted Pediatrics Products is your personal constructor.
In the first 10 days, Mom is looking at the reactions of their baby for feeding. That is why at this time the menu is limited to products that are less likely to cause various allergic reactions in the child. Good in the first 10 days baked apples, bananas or pears, buckwheat and barley porridge, vegetable soups. As seasonings, unrefined oils are best suitable: corn, olive, sunflower.
Ask the rest of the family members to sit on your diet in these three or four weeks so that you are not lonely, and other people's delicacies did not deprive you. Yes, and prepare three or four options for dishes (for yourself and for the rest) - not the best lesson for the mother of the newborn.
After 10 days, it is possible to add fermented dairy products in the menu (kefir, yogurt, cottage cheese, ryazhenka) and vegetables (potatoes, carrots, beets, pumpkin of light varieties). It is better to bake them, cook for a couple, stew or cook.
For the second month after childbirth, the mother of an infant may gradually return to the diet of eggs (better quail), bread grain or with bran (a bit and only if you are sure that you do not have gluten intolerance), unsalted cheeses, pasta of wheat solid varieties, dried fruits ( Date, kuragu, prune), gallery cookies. And still it is worth avoiding black tea and coffee, alcohol, sugar and a large amount of salt.
In the first two months after the birth, the food diary is very helpful: to hang the table in the kitchen and make information about what specifically you ate for breakfast, lunch and dinner, as well as during snacks and sprouts.
- Apples, Pear, Bananas (Baked)
- Cereals (buckwheat, born, corn, rice)
- Soups - Vegetarian
- Quail eggs
- Grain Products: Paste of Solid Wheat Sorts, Grain and Bran Bread
- Drinks: Herbal or fasten black tea, fruit, cloth frills
- Equal milk products (kefir, yogurts without additives, cottage cheese, ryazhenka)
- Vegetables (potatoes, carrots, beets, pumpkin of light grades) cooked for a couple
- Quail eggs
Starting from 3 months, in its diet, you can gradually enter some products that were previously prohibited. After using each of them, you need to carefully follow the reaction of the baby: if he has at least a hint of allergies, this product should be eliminated and try again in about a month. It is possible that the allergic reaction was just a symptom of the immaturity of the digestive tract of the baby. Now you can add to your menu:
- Pearl, oatmeal, wheat and manna porridge;
- Fresh fruits (not only tropical and non-red pigment);
- Juices (from green and yellow apples, nail pumpkin, carrots or beets);
- Sour cream;
- Morse from blueberries, lingers, cranberries, rosehip.
You can also try a little bit to include in the diet of fresh onions, nuts (except pistachios and peanuts, trying with caution, pair pieces per day). But the products listed will affect the taste of milk, which may not like the baby. Therefore, it is important to know the measure and be attentive to the behavior of the crumbs. Although scientists say that the kid's addiction in food is beginning to form in the womb: When a child gradually swallows amniotic waters, then his first acquaintance with the diet of Mom occurs.
Is it possible to drink milk?
Still standing carefully to the protein of cow's milk - because it often causes an allergic reaction in children. It is he who can cause abdominal pain in the child, so it should be carefully referred to products from cow's milk. Alternatives can serve as goat milk products, including cottage cheese and yogurts without additives.
In addition to proteins, fats and carbohydrates, milk contains some vitamins and microelements, and calcium and phosphorus are especially useful. If, including milk in its diet, you did not notice the negative reaction from the baby, you can continue to use it. Equality products, such as kefir and cottage cheese, are especially useful. A convenient option may be cottage cheese "Agush", rich in calcium and vitamin K2, necessary for the absorption of calcium bones.
On the 4th - 6th month of life, the kid already tries his first lure. By this time, you, as a rule, studied its reaction to the composition of milk, depending on changes in your diet. Now you can gradually begin to expand your menu, introducing legumes, potatoes, non-smear cheeses and fish.
But remember that in the meat of some kinds of fish there may be an increased content of heavy metals. Their concentration in the shark meat, marlin and the sword can significantly exceed the permissible norm - such a fish should be completely eliminated from the diet. Such varieties like mackerel, pink salmon, society, trout, salmon, can cause allergies. From the 6th month you can begin to enter the fish in the menu, but at the same time be sure to closely monitor the kid's reactions.
And of course, you should not eat raw fish, sashimi, sushi. Pathological organisms with which it can be infected is extremely dangerous for mom, and for a child, and drugs that destroy the infection are incompatible with breastfeeding.
- Pearl, oat, wheat and semolia porridge (in the absence of gluten intolerance in mom)
- Fresh fruits (not exotic and not red color) and juices of them
- Sour cream
- Berry Morse (cranberry, rosehip, lingonberry, blueberry)
- Spinach, sorrel, dill, green salad
- Nuts (almond, cedar, walnuts) (one handy)
- Lean meat (rabbit, veal, turkey - all a couple)
- Non-starny cheeses
In six months, mom can gradually expand the diet, but preference is still standing with boiled, stew, cooked on a pair or baked dishes. Try in small quantities of fruits from which they abstained. And it is better to carry out similar experiments in the morning - so that during the day you could notice the reaction of the baby if it arises. What can be tastefully included in the diet from 6 to 12 months:
- Meat (beef, chicken)
- Beans beans and legumes
- Fish in boiled and stewed form
- Zucchini, Patchsons
- Cabbage Color, Belococcal, Brussels, Broccoli (with caution)
- New fruits (moderately)
- Any nuts (except peanuts)
In the second year of the child's child, Mom returns to the usual diet - of course, considering the preferences of the baby, if it continues to breastfeed.
As long as you feed the baby breasts, you need to avoid products that cause allergies in a child. Be sure to follow the reactions of crumbs and observe how changes in your diet affect the behavior of the baby, the condition of its skin, as well as the frequency and character of the chair.
There are several groups of products that are better excluded from their diet during feeding.
- First of all, it is coffee, tea, alcohol, carbonated drinks and chocolate.
- Also in the list of prohibitions, exotic (especially citrus) fruits, soybean derivatives, seafood, raw and weakly salted fish and products containing various chemical additives (preservatives, taste amplifiers) are included.
- Sweet, fat desserts should also be excluded for breastfeeding.
If the baby has a predisposition to allergies, the mother should be especially careful about his diet. In this case, it is necessary to limit the consumption of protein of cow's milk. If the mother abuses these products, a strong allergy may appear at the kid, the bloating and other unpleasant symptoms.
It is worth cutting the consumption of another protein - gluten, which is present in all cereals, except rice, buckwheat and corn.
Children with hereditary predisposition to allergies often cause a reaction to a pigment that paints in red color vegetables and fruits. Therefore, it is worth carefully treating red fruits and berries in their diet.
Most often, allergies occurs on the protein of cow's milk, chicken eggs, nuts and fish (more than half of all cases).
To properly choose products for your menu, nursing mom can enjoy the funny "traffic rule": red, yellow and green products corresponds to traffic lights - from a non-red to the permissive green.
Some decoctions as well as coffee can cause a negative reaction in the infant. It is a ginseng (excites the nervous system), infusion of a hawthorn (lowers pressure), the donon (contains substances that worsening blood clotting), as well as mint.
Any new product is introduced into the diet of a nursing mother no more than once every two weeks.
It may happen that, despite all the efforts of the mother to follow the most secure diet for the baby, it fails to protect him from allergies: Mom could pamper himself with strawberry in the summer season or Mandarin on New Year's Eve. How to understand that the child's body signals about the existing food allergies? What are signs of allergies?
- Redness of the skin
- Excessive dry skin or, on the contrary, her wet
- Anxiety of a child
- Screaming, colic, vomiting
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Humped nose breathing
When several of the above symptoms, you need to carefully look at the diet and remove the newly introduced products from it. After the baby disappears, all the manifestations of allergies can, thoroughly checking its list of used products for the presence of allergenic products in it (and eliminating them for all the time of breastfeeding), gradually start typing (no earlier than a month) in small quantities of products and carefully monitor the reaction kid. The dose can be increased once a few days. In the absence of a reaction of the skin and the gastrointestinal tract, the baby can be concluded that the product is not dangerous for him, and calmly use it in food (in reasonable quantities!).
A few months after childbirth, if there are no contraindications, mom can slowly begin to engage in your figure: do exercises, adjust the diet and gradually expand your diet - after all, the most strict period of the first weeks after birth behind.
As a rule, during pregnancy, weight slowly begins to subsoine after the 3rd month, when the mother's body is used to a new rhythm and under the condition of proper nutrition. Promotes this itself the process of breastfeeding, as well as, of course, a new, rich schedule of a young mother.
If the weight does not leave, it is worthwhile to revise your diet and something to change something in it, and in no case do not resort to strict diets when feeding a breast child - it can harm the baby! Power should be diverse, but balanced and as healthy as possible.
In the mother's diet when feeding a breast child who wants to slow down, an animal protein must be attended, as well as fermented milk products (in the absence of an allergy from the kid on the protein of cow's milk), vegetables and greens. Green leafy vegetables (spinach, sornery, salad leaves) contain a lot of calcium, vitamins, microelements that contribute to restoration after childbirth, as well as the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Not too sweet fruits and berries of unreasary colors are an excellent source of vitamins and antioxidants, they can be enabled in the menu.
From the diet it is worth eliminating vegetables with a large content of starch, and the reception of slow carbohydrates (bread, croup, macaron) is transferred to the first half of the day. It also applies to sweets that are generally better removed from the menu for this period. An exception can be, for example, dry non-proper cookies.
And of course, abundant drink! It not only contributes to the maintenance of the water balance, but also stimulates the lactation, especially if it is a warm liquid: a cup of warm drink for 10 - 15 minutes to feeding stimulates the separation of oxytocin and causes a tide of milk.
The breastfeeding period is a wonderful time when a young mother has the opportunity to change its food habits, learn useful recipes and lay the foundation for a new, healthier, lifestyle for years ahead. We are confident that a nursing mother who purchased at this time will not be able to change after the cessation of breastfeeding, because they are aimed at maintaining health and toddlers, and their adult mothers. Take care of health! Diet with breastfeeding for weight loss can be delicious!
There are special cases when a mother cannot follow the stringent requirements (excessive, extinguishing limitations are also stressful for the body!) And wants to pamper a little. In the end, the new year and birthday happens just once a year!
Experts recommend a young mother to refrain from drinking alcohol all the period of breastfeeding, and if it happened, it happened, then stick to a number of rules.
If there is a situation where the nursing mother has a desire to drink (holidays, birthdays, wedding), it is necessary to weigh all the "for" and "against" long before the celebration. It was recommended to preliminarily prepare the enclosed milk on one or two feeding of the baby, since the removal of alcohol from the body of a nursing mother will be required from 2 to 24 hours depending on the amount of drunk, its fortress, the weight of the woman, the characteristics of the eaten food. For example, on the removal of alcohol contained in one wine glass or a mug of beer, it will take about 2.5 hours, if the weight of the woman is from 50 to 60 kg, and about 2 hours - if it ranges from 61 to 70 kg.
The plugging of milk after the use of drinks containing alcohol does not affect the rate of alcohol removal from the body and only contributes to the relief of the symptoms associated with the filling of the mammary glands.
Alcohol use during pregnancy should be deleted completely, since there are no safe doses of alcohol for pregnant women and future kids.
Moderation in everything
Finally, we would like to remind you that even the most useful products will not benefit the baby if the mother will not be guided by common sense in his actions. Even the best motives do not use a daily full list of allowed products: the most "innocent" of them in large quantities may well provoke allergies. Also forget the commander "Now it is necessary to eat for two": not "for", but "for", so try to avoid overeating, it will not benefit to you or baby. Now the best is a balanced and diverse diet with properly distributed foods during the day (specialists recommend 5 - 6-time meals with small portions with a decrease in calories used in the evening), weeks, season of year (observe the principle of seasonality) and the entire feeding period.
Health to you and your baby!
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The future mother should prepare for a trip to the maternity hospital. Since childbirth can begin earlier than at 40 weeks, you need to assemble the package with the most necessary things in advance. To understand what to take with you to the hospital, you should draw up a list of all necessary.
First of all, a woman will need a standard set - documents, charger, drinking water for at least half-liters, money, elastic bindings for legs, personal hygiene objects. You need only useful things in the maternity hospital. Think in advance what else will come in handy in the prenatal compartment and fold it all in a separate bag. The list of necessary women also includes:
- Rubber slippers - if you have partnerships, the replaceable shoes also need your husband;
- Mobile phone and charging - in the case of which you can always call close and relatives to ask for something to bring or report the birth of a baby;
- paper napkins;
- Wet wipes - the condition of the bathrooms in state medical institutions does not always please, therefore it is better to have them at hand;
- A small snack - in anticipation of childbirth, you can spend more than one hour, so take cookies or, for example, fruit.
If you have varicose veins, you should consult with the phlebologist and take antaricose stockings for childbirth. Such products differ depending on the degree of compression. It should be selected by a doctor who controls your well-being during pregnancy.
In addition to the listed, take with you to the hospital for childbirth also need clothing, be sure to turn it on. The future mother, which will give birth for the first time, it is difficult to understand what things it will be comfortable in the generic department, and which of them better leave at home. Check out the universal list that will help you collect a bag in the maternity hospital and without additional questions.
What things to prepare for childbirth?
Ride in the maternity hospital after the start battle follows in comfortable clothes. In the summer you can wear a shirt or T-shirt and leggings (on top it is worth throwing a shirt to not catch a cold). For the cold season, sports pants and sweatshoes, sweatshirts and Hoodies will fit. Clothes should not be shy. Registration in the maternity hospital may take several hours, so it is better to think about your comfort for this time.
Solving what you need to take with you to the hospital, browse the list several times before leaving to make sure that you have not forgotten anything. It is better to take with me something that is not useful than to understand what you miss something. For convenience, it is recommended to use transparent bags with pockets for small things.
Also in the maternity hospital, it is desirable to take such things:
- Night shirt . It should be free cut. It is better to take with you 3-4 pieces, as in the hospital there will be no opportunity to wash things, and they can quickly get dirty, for example, from milk or from a children's mixture. Choose nightie, which prevails cotton. The PROUD MOM assortment presents models that are 95% consisting of cotton and 5% of Elastane. Such things are stretching and sitting well in the figure, which after the birth of the baby changes very quickly. The best choice is night shirts with rising top. They will be comfortable to feed the baby with breasts not only in the maternity hospital, but also at home. Be sure to take with you one warm nightie so as not to catch a cold. Such models are complemented by mild pile.
- Pajamas . To sleep with comfort and not to deny yourself to sleep (of course, if the baby will sleep hard at night), you should take care of comfortable and pleasant to the body of pajamas. Choose models in which the cotton content is more than 90%. Pajamas with feeding secrets will become a universal acquisition for a newborn baby mother. Raise yourself a mood by choosing pajamas with a bright coloring.
- Termoblary . In the first week after childbirth, it is very easy to shrank the chest, which will lead to not the most pleasant consequences. Thermal underwear (long sleeve and leggings) will protect the woman from supercooling. It can be worn both under pajamas and under the night shirt.
- T-shirts . They can be worn along with the pants from pajamas (if there is heat in the ward) and if necessary, change during the day. T-shirts for nursing mothers with special secrets will allow you to easily feed the baby breasts, covering it at the same time.
Also, you should take a swing bathrobe in the maternity hospital, underwear (bra with folding cups and panties from natural materials) and postpartum bandage to quickly come into shape.
Knowing what clothes to take in the maternity hospital for mom, you can make a bag with a few days before the trip without excess costs.
What about things to take for a newborn
Before deciding what things to take in the hospital for a newborn, you need to consider whether the medical institution provides clothes for the baby. In many private clinics, the future mother does not need to collect with them, but in most cases it is necessary to draw up a list that take in the hospital for a newborn.
Prepare the following things:
- Body or overalls (2-3 pcs.);
- caps (2-3 pcs.);
- Diaper (minimum 3-4 pieces).
Everything else depends on the time of year, the conditions in the ward and wishes of the new mother.
In addition to things, you should take a pacifier, a towel, diapers (it is recommended to take small packs to understand which of them are best suited to the baby), hygiene products.
What things to take on an extract?
On the day of discharge from the maternity hospital, the future mother wants to look as best as possible. When she and the baby meets with close and native people, all emotions associated with childbirth and a change in lifestyle remain behind. On an extract, the newly minted parents often invite the photographer to make memorable pictures in such an important day.
A package with things on an extract should also be collected in advance. For mom, it is necessary to prepare decorative cosmetics, tongs or hair styling, gum, hairpins and styling products (can be used if they do not have a sharp smell).
Take a better free dress with you to the hospital. The figure of a woman after childbirth changes very quickly, but the first week after the birth of the baby, the tummy still stands out. With the help of a free dress (consider also models with an overwhelmed waist) it will be possible to hide it. The optimal length is to the knee or slightly above the knee. You can also consider long free style dresses.
As a clothing for Mom, you can also take:
- Tunic and leggings . Buying a tunic with secrets for feeding, you can wear it in the future. Pay attention to monophonic models in the PROUD MOM catalogs, which look feminine, hide the flaws of the shape and are well combined with black leggings.
- Long skirt with a rubber band on the waist and blouse . It is very important that the clothes not only sat beautifully on the figure, but also did not throw movement.
- Overalls . Monophonic models look very stylish, and at the expense of a free cut, they look good on women who have just recently become mothers.
You should also take care of shoes - it must be comfortable. It can be shoes on low running, boots or, for example, sneakers that look good today not only with jeans, but also with dresses.
For a child, you can take a set, which consists of a diaper, cape, shocks, sprawers and a beautiful blanket. At the same time you can also wear bodies and jumpsuit. The main thing is that the kid does not froze and he was not hot. Just in case, you can capture several sets of clothes for a child in the maternity hospital, and on the day of discharge to put on the one that will be most likely to approach the weather.
What should not take with him in the hospital
In order for the package with things in the maternity hospital, it is important, it is important to consider in advance what is useful, and what to leave at home. With you do not take:
- Perfumery. . Perfume and toilet water use in the maternity department not only not recommended, but also prohibited. Newborn babes should not breathe perfume products.
- Books . They weigh a lot, and in most cases in women after childbirth there are no time to read. If you really want to read, it is better to download several books in your smartphone.
- Notebook . It takes a lot of space, and it will be necessary to monitor its safety. And, most likely, it is not even useful, because in the maternity hospital after the birth of the baby mom usually spends from 3 to 5 days.
- Decoration . Rings, chains and bracelets better leave at home. They can interfere with the birth. Pebbles on rings and bracelets can also be accidentally injured by the gentle skin of the baby.
- Medicine . In hospitals there is everything you need, so it's not worth buying a separate first-aid kit for the maternity hospital.
To assemble a package with things in the maternity hospital, you need to write a list of necessary and allocate several days on shopping trip. But if you do not want to spend time on shopping centers and queues, book comfortable and beautiful clothes in the online store PROUD MOM. In our catalogs you will find everything you need to feel comfortable before childbirth, in the maternity hospital and during the feeding of the baby. All products from catalogs can be bought with delivery in Russia.
Carefully approach the question of choosing clothes (nightquos, bathrobes, etc.), which is worth taking in the maternity hospital for you to be conveniently located there after the birth of the child. And remember that your comfort depends on the quality of things.
The article is prepared by a specialist for informational purposes. We urge you not to engage in self-medication. When the first symptoms appear - contact your doctor. We recommend reading: "Why can not be engaged in self-medication?".
Breastfeeding is a time when a woman begins to think carefully over his own diet. In this regard, there are a lot of questions about what is possible, and which products are under the ban. Most women come to the conclusion that it is best to adhere to a strict diet. However, there is no such product that can eat mom and each baby in the world will have a negative reaction.
Simply there is a certain food, which in the presence of an individual predisposition of the mother and child can cause negative consequences. Therefore, in order to avoid the occurrence of allergic reactions, the woman is trying to limit its diet as much as possible.
Famous every young mother drives for consumption, such as cabbage or cucumbers - at the moment there are no time. Breastfeeding specialists unequivocally argue - it is necessary to have something that requires an organism. He will tell him independently, from which products it is necessary to refrain. Thus, it will be possible to ensure full-fledged nutrition to the child and at the same time do not harm in the form of an allergic reaction.
If something really wants, you can try, the main thing is to know the feeling of measure and not forget to track the behavior of the crumbs. If any rashes appear on the skin or there is violations of the child's garter, it is necessary to reflect on what product from the so-called risk group could cause a similar reaction. Having reveaning the culprit, you need to refuse to use it for a while. Why for a while? Just because there is a high probability that after a short time, the child's response to the same component will be fundamentally different. Often those products that cause allergies in the first three months of life are perfectly absorbed by the baby already to the semi-annual age.
The very first month of feeding a newborn - what is better to eat?
From bakery products (not dubbed): cut, wheat, rye-wheat bread, allowed biscuits gallery;
From meat products: chicken without bone, beef, veal in boiled form;
Kefir and rippy, cottage cheese and unpainted yogurt;
From the croup: any porridge without milk, or divorced in the proportion one to one "water / milk";
From vegetables: potatoes, zucchini, cauliflower (white cabbage and carrots are allowed in small quantity), the method of cooking - extinguishing and cooking;
From drinks: Herbal teas (cumin, dill, anise), black, but not strong tea, compote (dried fruits and apples);
From soups: Vegetarian soups without adding roasted, as well as those that are cooked on a weak meat broth.
Under the ban for a nursing mother in the first months of the child's life gets:
All residents of the sea and red fish;
From drinks: strong tea and coffee, compotes and juices of industrial manufacture, alcohol, carbonated water;
From dairy products: whole milk and yogurts containing any artificial additives and dyes;
Canned food, oily and fried food, sausage;
From soups: Under the prohibition of a strong bouillon based on oily meat.
What fruits can be nursing mom?
As for the fruit in the menu of a nursing woman, here are how many doctors, so many points of view. Some doctors categorically prohibit them to use, especially in the first 3 months. Others argue that there are them possible, but in small quantities.
The fact is unemporable - carefully be treated with exotic fruits. Among the most dangerous - kiwi, pomelo, avocado, Rambutan, Mango, Carambola, as well as all citrus. The digestive system of any person, including a nursing mother and her child, is better and easier to perceive those fruits that grow in their birth places. Overseas fruits are able to provoke allergies and is definitely additional risk factors.
So, for newborns, which appeared on the light in Spain, or, for example, in Florida, the optimal fruit from which the first adhesion begins is an orange. While for Russian children is unacceptable.
In addition, it is not always possible to be confident as overseas fruits. Often they fall on the counter without passing due control, after processing harmful chemicals. The greatest danger in this regard is: bromide metal, fungicides, sulfur gas and diphenyl.
Can I eat apples?
The view is that apples can provoke a scrawl and diarrhea justified, but only when a person has such an individual feature. In all other cases, this fruit is possible, and when the child is 10 months old, it even needs to enter an apple in his diet. Naturally, if the mother has allergic fruit with red peel, then they should be banned. However, such cases are the exception rather than the rule. When a woman shelted the child, her apples eaten and did not suffer from allergic reactions, then it should not be afraid of her and after the delivery. Therefore, almost all mothers during feeding can eat apples. If there are still doubts, you can just get rid of the peel. Some doctors give such a recommendation: include these fruits in the menu only in baked form in the first month of lactation.
Is there a nursing mother there are bananas?
In the maternity hospital, they are prohibited, but this is an elementary precautionary measure. These fruits can be and necessary. It is the bananas that contain Mescalin - a substance responsible for a good mood, for the rise of strength and life tone. In addition, these yellow fruits are rich in minerals and vitamins. To remove the maximum use from the banana, you can prepare a cocktail with yogurt on its basis. It is enough just to crush the fruit by a blender, and then mix everything with a mixer.
Buying most food products (and yogurt including), nursing mom need to read their composition. Of the many low-onedy additives, a special danger represents aspartame - it is found, for example, in fermented milk products. In general, the store should be particularly attentive, as more and more producers producing low-grade product appear. Therefore, taking a yogurt from the shelf, you need to choose the composition of which is minimal. To protect yourself 100%, it is better to acquire kefir at all and add to it: honey, jam or ordinary sugar, and then beat at home with a mixer. Such a cocktail can be drunk even nursing mothers, the main thing, not to overdo the dosage. In addition to a wonderful taste, such a drink will have an undoubted benefit.
Is it possible with breastfeeding strawberries, cherry, cherry?
Strawberry. The fact that this berry is a taboo for nursing mothers - a groundless myth. If she was grown on his own garden plot or purchased from the old woman in the market, then why not eat up to 7 berries. After that, you should look at the reaction of the child if nothing happens, you can safely continue tasting. Of course, you should not eat strawberry half. In this case, rashes will appear not only in the baby, but also in most adults. If you observe the measure and consume only a seasonal berry, then harm will not be accurate. After all, it is the strawberry that is a storehouse of Vitamin C. It is even greater than in an orange.
Cherry and sweet cherry. Most women refuse themselves the pleasure of enjoying these bones only because of their bright color. But the red pigment is not synonymous with the words "Allergen". The reaction to it is possible only in the case of individual intolerance, or as a result of abundant use of berries. For the suspension, you can eat a few cherries and track the child's reaction. If it does not follow, then you should not miss the moment and completely abandon the red berries.
Melon and watermelons. If the doctors are often arguing relative to other products, then they are surprisingly solidarity with respect to these michadic crops. At the time of breastfeeding from them it is better to refuse. The thing is that they are grown on soils, exhausted and weak, therefore it is not necessary without processing by chemicals, harmful to the body even the most healthy person. In addition, it is watermelons that have a property of accumulating them, but it is impossible to bring chemistry from the striped berry. Therefore, from early watermelons it is better to refuse. If you really want, you can eat a few pieces in September and the end of August. Melon refers to heavy products, eat it during lactation can be quite a bit and without combining other food products.
Is it possible with breastfeeding cucumbers, cabbage, tomatoes?
Most women adhere to this opinion: it should be abandoned from cucumbers, white cabbage and from zucchini, as they are provocateurs of meteorism, which means they contribute to strengthening colic in the infant. The explanation is simple: they weak, as they have a lot of fiber. Is it really?
Cucumbers. It is they who are unreasonably priority vegetables that are headed by a list of products prohibited during lactation. The "knowledgeable" mothers claim, only eat cucumber, and a green chair with foam crumbs is provided. However, for some reason, they forget that such a relaxation can happen due to the fact that the child simply misses the fat rear milk and in his diet will prevail early the front. In addition, there are a number of studies indicating that the digestion violation of the baby is most often associated with the intolerance to the protein, which is part of the mixtures and breast milk. Therefore, a nursing mother can eat those vegetables that it used to consume to pregnancy. Especially after the first 3 months.
Cabbage. Why do you need to abandon such a useful and delicious vegetable during breastfeeding? If the cabbage causes increased gas formation from the mother and the child - it is enough to add a cumin and a negative effect to it thoroughly. Moreover, the sauer cabbage is so necessary in winter, because it is a champion in the content of vitamin C. In addition, the white-baked cabbage contains folic acid and a lot of other useful trace elements. Therefore, scientifically unreasonable prejudices should be collected and there is an inclusion of this useful vegetable into a daily diet.
Tomatoes. Young mothers refuse them because of all the same rich red color, afraid to provoke allergies from crumbs. At that time, it is the lycopene that gives the color of tomatoes is the most powerful antioxidant. It needs both a woman herself and her baby. Just one glass of tomato juice is able to fill up to half the daily rate of vitamin C. But it still should not drink it on an empty stomach. Nevertheless, women, nursing breasts, can not be consumed tomatoes with nitrates. In order not to buy a dangerous vegetable, it is important to know some rules.
It is not necessary to acquire tomatoes in thick-skinned, with obvious white streaks that are visible on the cut. If you press a finger on a vegetable and dents will remain on it, if you hit it on the floor or wall, and it will bother and will not change the form, then this means only one thing - the tomato is not rich in useful substances, but to chemicals. It is better to abandon it.
Is it possible to nursing mom beer, juice, tea, coffee, kvass, compote?
Drinks are a separate topic that interests many mothers practicing breastfeeding:
Cocoa and chocolate. From their reception it is better to actually refuse. And there are truly reasonable reasons for it. The proteins that are part of cocoa beans can provoke serious allergies in the baby. In addition, in each of these beverages, the content of sugars, and sweets during breastfeeding period is better if not completely exclude, then limit.
Kvass. The ban on this drink is due to the fact that it includes yeast, as it is the result of natural fermentation. They can provoke a bloody in the intestines of the mother and the child. If you purchase the kvass of industrial production, concentrates and additives will be present in it, and it is often carbonated. You can make a few sips, if there is an irresistible desire, and if there is nothing in the beverage except sugar, yeast and malt.
Beer. It is mistaken to take this drink for harmless, natural and not harmful. It should not believe the commercials - natural brewing in Russia no long ago. All beer is the result of connecting harmful components and preservatives. In addition, alcohol is harmful to the baby, and he will definitely receive it if a nursing mother drinks beer. Some women think about the use of beer that does not contain alcohol. But this drink to transform, a lot of production stages passed, which means it is far uncomfortable both for the mother and for the child.
Juices. It is not necessary to think that the juices that stand on the shelves of stores are benefited for the health of a woman or the more child. All of them are oversaturated by preservatives, made of concentrates with a shock dose of sugar. Therefore, in addition to taste enjoyment, such drinks bring no benefit anymore. If there is a desire during lactation to pamper yourself with juice, then it should be prepared independently and use in small dosages. Pomegranate, carrot and apple juice is allowed.
Compote. This drink is uniquely allowed to use a nursing woman. It is necessary to cook it on the basis of dried fruits, if it was decided to add berries, then it is necessary to watch the child's reaction.
Coffee and tea with strong welding. These drinks are able to harm the child because of the caffeine included in their composition. It is able to cause increased irritability, anxiety and sleep disturbance at the kid. This in turn, negatively affects the nervous system of crumbs. Moreover, scientists have repeatedly confirmed this fact in the conducted studies.
Is it possible milk, ice cream, eggs?
Milk. An unambiguous opinion as to whether you can use a nursing mother to eat milk. Some doctors argue that it can be added to tea or porridge in small quantities. Other doctors adhere to the opinions that if the kid has no allergies to the protein, which is part of milk, then drinking his mother. To decide whether milk and products can be included in the diet and products based on it, the woman needs to drink milk, and after feeding to watch the crumb. If the rashes suddenly are detected, then at least a week it is worth abandoning milk. The rash comes down - it means there is a need for analysis. In the event that it is positive, then the milk will have to refrain.
Ice cream. Allergic reaction to the cow protein automatically imposes a ban on the use of ice cream. In addition, most manufacturers are added to this palm oil, which has a negative impact on the human body.
Palm oil harms for the reason that it is a carcinogen and many countries in the world have already abandoned its use in the food industry. However, in Russia it is not prohibited and every year its exports to the country is several hundred thousand tons. It is ice cream, and another margarine are the main sources of this harmful substance. It is also part of any baking and even dairy products (eat in sour cream, goat milk cottage cheese). Despite the fact that information about the content of palm oil products should be reflected in the labels, many manufacturers deliberately are silent about it, thereby deceiving buyers.
Is it possible with eggs. It is not worth refusing to refuse this product, but only if the baby has no allergic reaction to chicken protein. To find out this can also hand over blood for analysis. If everything is in order, it is allowed to eat one fresh egg per day. To determine its quality, it is enough to lower the egg into a glass filled with water. The egg drowned - it means that it can be. A nursing woman should not be included in the diet of unverified eggs. Before cooking, they need to be washed.
Can I have seeds and nuts?
It is known for certain that both nuts and seeds are powerful allergens. Therefore, to protect yourself and your child, you should not eat more than 3 nuts per day. Often you can hear recommendations regarding the increase in the consumption of a walnut woman in order to improve lactation. Indeed, they are able to stimulate the production of milk, as well as become a source of vitamins and vegetable fats. However, in everything it is necessary to observe the measure, especially this is true if the child is still very small.
Seeds often cause allergies for those children whose mothers give a response to pollen of various herbs. If there was no such reaction, it was not possible, then a little splashes can be seeds.
So, the period of lactation is far from reason to refuel absolutely in everything. Naturally, it is necessary to limit such harmful foods as: coffee, alcohol, sausages, etc. But they are harmful not only during feeding, but also in everyday life. As for the rest of the food, you can enter them and you need, but it is worth it carefully and no more than one new component per day.
Article author: Sokolova Praskovya Fedorovna | PediatricianEducation:
Diploma in the specialty "Therapeutic case" was obtained in the Volgograd State Medical University. Immediately received a certificate of a specialist in 2014Our authors
After childbirth, the diet of a nursing mother should consist only of properly selected dishes. Each woman should know that you can eat nursing mom in the first month after childbirth. It is from the fact that the mummy feeds, nursing the breast, will depend on the life and health of the child. When choosing a nursing mom's menu in the first month after childbirth, you can not care for good luck. At this time, the digestive system of the newborn is most susceptible to external factors.
Each mother with breastfeeding baby should strictly control its diet and carefully select products for making a menu. On the first day, doctors recommend mothers to arrange a small unloading for their body and drink only clean, non-carbonated water. This will help restore the amount of water that was lost during childbirth.
If you really want to eat, then you need to replace the usual meal of non-fat dairy products, including yoghurt or kefir without additives. In the first week, the lactation itself also depends on the nutrition of a nursing mother. This is the period when it is just installed, starting the production of milk. It is best to observe the principles of proper nutritional mother's nutrition until the very end of breastfeeding.
What products to refuse
The nutrition of a nursing mother in the first month should consist only of useful products so that the food does not harm the baby after feeding.
In the exemplary list of products that should be excluded from the nutrition of a nursing mother in the first month after delivery, includes:
- Sweet, especially chocolate;
- All kinds of fruits having a bright color, as well as vegetables and berries (cherry, strawberry, grapes);
- Practical all kinds of sauces, especially sharp;
- too acute or spicy food;
- Chicken eggs in large quantities. Also, it is also impossible to eat eggs in cheese or semi-formation due to the probability of salmonellosis;
- smoked sausages and sausages;
- soda, kvass;
- Any products that include additives in the form of dyes, taste and thickeners amplifiers;
- Strong tea, cocoa or coffee. The last drink should be excluded for the entire feeding period;
- Fast food and chips;
- Pearl cereals, lentils, white cabbage, any kind of legumes and mushrooms. All these products contribute to increasing gas formation, which can provoke colic;
- canned products;
- Radish meat broths;
- Red fish;
- confectionery and flour products;
- Garlic and raw onions. They contribute to changing the taste of milk, because of which the baby can refuse food;
- Fatty meat, fish and other seafood;
- Any drink with a great content of preservatives.
- Exotic types of fruits;
- Bulgarian pepper.
A lot of disputes are being conducted that you can eat a nursing mother's mom in the first month after childbirth because of the unique features of each crumb. Even twins can have a different reaction to the same products. Mom should follow its nutrition itself, adjust the list depending on the reaction of the organism of the crumbs.
It is also necessary to carefully treat solid milk. It can improve the state of the mother or bring a completely different effect. It is recommended to replace one-piece milk by other fermented milk products (kefir, ripped, yogurt) without additives.
Enter any new food is needed very carefully. Doctors recommend only one new product in one day. This will help you precisely identify that it is the body of a child who cannot fully assimilate.
Power Mom: the first weeks
Breakfast and dinner gave birth can consist of useful, tasty, nutrient products. In the first weeks of the life of the crumbs, adherence to a strict diet, during which a woman should have only natural food, better if it is cooked independently. Properly chosen nutrition will help not only prevent the appearance of unwanted reactions in the form of allergies or colic, but also to lose weight.
On the first week, women's nutrition is extremely limited. Doctors recommend to use more porridge prepared on milk or water (buckwheat, corn, oatmeal), fermented milk products, vegetarian soups and simple water.
Starting from the second week, a woman can eat baked or raw green apples without peel (better grate), prunes, sea cabbage and boiled eggs in small quantities (to test the reaction, it is necessary to eat yolk and protein in different days).
It is worth considering that the first weeks is the time when a woman should eat up to 2.5 thousand calories per day, adhering to a strict diet, due to high energy costs for the production of milk, restoring the body after childbirth.
What can be nursing moms from 0 to 3 months
Gradually with an increase in the child, a woman will be able to significantly diversify their diet.
After 10 days, there is a possibility of choosing from a wider list of products in which:
- Crupes - buckwheat, oat, corn. Each type of cereals is best to give a separate day so that you can trace the toddler's body's reaction. The first portion of the cereals should be 1 tablespoon, a little later can be eaten by 100-150 grams;
- Fish - its preference must be given to low-fat marine or river fish, including Mintay, Sudak, Cod, Sea, Karp, Bream, River, Pike or Nalim. It is they that contain the smallest number of allergens and are best absorbed. It is worth considering that the body's reaction may depend on the method of cooking fish. To obtain all the beneficial substances, it needs to be prepared for about 15 minutes;
- Meat - it is necessary to choose non-fat or diet meat, for example, rabbit, turkey, chicken. The use of beef or pork is allowed;
- Vegetables - cabbage (color only), potatoes, zucchini, broccoli. Carrots are recommended to use in small quantities;
- Fruits - First of time, its preference is best to give bananas and green baked apples, avoiding other types of fruits. This is due to the fact that the digestive system of the crumbs is not yet able to completely perceive all kinds of seasonal fruits.
- Dairy and dairy products - low-fat kefir, sour cream, cottage cheese, cheeses, yogurts that do not contain artificial flavors and additives;
- Flour - Bread from Bran, wheat. In small quantities allowed rye bread.
In order not to mix different dishes, it is best to make a table with which you can diversify your menu and reduce the risk of negative reactions.
How to avoid allergies
To prevent the appearance of allergies, you need to carefully follow all the products that will be used during the day. It is impossible to try several new products in one day. It will only aggravate the entire situation, and will not allow to understand what the negative reaction was.
The introduction of a new meal must be gradual, starting with the use of a small piece. If in the evening of negative reactions will not be, then you can re-use the product in a small amount. Only in a few days the number of new foods can be increased.
If you notice signs of allergies in the kid
If the first signs of the allergic reaction (rash, redness) are found, you need to immediately abandon the products used in the morning, since they could provoke its appearance.
If, even after the exclusion of allergens products, the allergy does not pass, then you need to immediately contact the doctor for help, otherwise this may lead to complications.
Mamina Figure Diet
After the birth of the child, the woman's body changes significantly. The first months are not suitable for active classes with their figure, but correctly selected nutrition will help you adjust it.
To do this, follow certain rules:
- You need to eat in moderation without moving. All food must be balanced, contain the entire list of necessary vitamins, minerals;
- For the whole day it is necessary to eat 5-6 times. At the same time, 3 meals must be the main components of the greatest energy value, and the remaining light;
- Any product must be administered carefully with intervals from 2 to 5 days. It is recommended to eat along a small piece of the new product in the morning, after which you watch the toddler's reaction all day. If no negative consequences arose, the portion can be increased;
- When the first symptoms of allergies appear, you need to immediately refuse to be accepted before this. Re-attempt is best to implement only after 4 weeks;
- At first, you need to completely abandon fried food, replacing it with boiled or stew. All vegetables should be prepared for a couple;
- All purchased finished products must be replaced by the cooked independently;
- Its preference should be given simple water, not compatases or plates due to the probability of allergies to fruits, of which they are made.
It is worth remembering that the woman after childbirth should not extend itself with diets, as this will only lead to the exhaustion of the body, and the child will not be able to get the right amount of nutrients. At first, any nutrition should be based on the refusal of allergens products, the preparation of balanced nutrition, the use of the desired amount of calories.
A special case
Power adjustment should be based based on the child's condition and mother. There are many diseases in which it is forbidden to eat some types of products.
Not a small role in choosing a woman's diet playing. Nutrition should be built depending on what they were (natural, caesarean section), reflected complications. In each case, an individual menu is selected, which will contain products with the necessary set of trace elements.
If a child has diseases, the mother's menu is compiled after a complete examination, only with a specialist. In this case, the independent compilation of the diet can only harm.
Approximate menu for a week by day
At first, dishes are best not experimenting with recipes. It is recommended to use vegetables and fruits only after heat treatment. After strengthening the child's digestive system, a woman can make some specific menu for a week, which can be adhered to, for example:
- Breakfast is boiled on milk buckwheat, cooked for a pair of vegetables, ryazhenka;
- Lunch is a vegetarian soup, a piece of boiled fish, a dry look of cookies, fastening tea;
- Afternoon school - cottage cheese with dried fruits, green tea;
- Dinner - boiled potatoes, cooked for a couple of chicken breast, kefir.
- Breakfast - Wheat porridge with bran bread, kefir, drying;
- Lunch - light fish soup, baked rabbit meat, tea, dried fruits;
- Afternoon snack - ryazhenka, baked apple;
- Dinner - baked with beef potatoes, compote from dried fruits, cottage cheese.
- Breakfast - a few boiled eggs, cooked for a pair of broccoli, cheese, tea;
- Lunch - Soup on the secondary meat broth, stewed chicken cutlet, banana, tea;
- Afternoon person - light oatmeal cookies, kefir;
- Dinner - low-fat stewed pork meat, boiled potatoes, baked apple;
- Breakfast - cottage cheese casserole, compote;
- Lunch - stew vegetable stew with chicken meat and potatoes, rye bread, tea;
- Afternoon person - low-fat yogurt;
- Dinner - Makarona of solid wheat varieties, boiled rabbit, low-fat milk.
- Breakfast - cottage cheese with adding dried fruits, grated apple;
- Lunch - baked chicken meat, boiled potatoes, compote;
- Afternoon snack - yogurt, banana;
- Dinner - corn porridge, a small piece of cheese, kefir.
- Breakfast - cheese cooked in the oven, kefir;
- Lunch - vegetable stew, boiled buckwheat porridge, tea;
- Afternoon person - baked apple, kefir;
- Dinner - baked fish with zucchini, banana, tea.
- Breakfast - a few boiled eggs, a piece of cheese, drying, tea;
- Lunch - fish soup, purified apple, compote;
- Afternoon person - cooked in the oven cheese, tea;
- Dinner - stew with potatoes of rabbit, oatmeal cookies, kefir.
Each woman should independently draw up their menu, eliminating from it those products on which a negative reaction is observed. Gradually, the diet should expand due to new products.
That you can eat a nursing baby mom in the first month, the question is controversial and largely depends on the child itself, the flow of pregnancy, childbirth. Before use of new food, it is worth consulted with a doctor. It will help competently draw up the menu, especially at the first time, when the crumbs digestive system is still too weak.