All the favorite card games are firmly rooted in modern society. The deck of cards and a couple of good friends will help pass any leisure. It is no secret that people were invented by many exciting games using a deck of cards. Where did playing cards come from and what were the name before? Card suit of peaks is of interest both for lovers and professionals.
Go roots to China
Like many other vintage items, cards have fascinating, often received by myths and legends, history. Since they were invented a long time ago, no one is taken to say, from where they exactly happened. However, there are quite interesting facts that suggest that the cards first appeared in the Silk Empire. The Chinese Chinese dictionary says that playing cards are the ancient heritage of China, and that they received such widespread there.
According to this theory, four masters symbolized the seasons. Before the appearance of paper specimens, the ancient Chinese used "cards" from ivory, wood, and the Japanese are even from mussel sinks. In the thirteenth century, the fascinating "overseas game" became known in Egypt and India. Europe learned about her after another two centuries. Interesting the fact that the appearance of cards on its territory coincides with the arrival of Roma there.
What was the name before? Card suit peaks: history and meaning
European card options have no less interesting explanation. The most familiar materials for the modern player also have an individual story. How did the peak card be called in the old days? She often symbolized a spear or flower. Everything was less poetic - "shovel" in Russia. Such titles are likely to explain the form of the figure, symbolizing the suit, which is really something similar to the above-mentioned objects. But another name was popular in Russia in the old days. Peaks sometimes called guilt (grape leaves).
Although the maps themselves originated in China, France brought their changes to them. It was the French that added a master in a playing deck. Since then, this option has received worldwide distribution. As the story shows, initially, the masters symbolized the inalienable attributes of the knight - sword (Trephic), spear (peaks), shield (worms) and coat of arms (tambourines). Now it is not difficult to understand why the card to suit the peaks before. In India, these four images had a completely different value. Each suit was a symbol of a certain class - nobility, merchants, clergy and, of course, royal power.
Maps and royal yard
By the way, about the kings. Card games were more than popular. Not so long ago it became known that even in the royal palaces they flourished the chairs. The kings themselves were resorted to this "innocent tricks", which is quite difficult to fit in the head of a simple people. As now, I used to talk about fairly large amounts of money.
Gambling players were often played in the fluff and dust and also turned out to be in debt. Given this state of affairs, the first bans for gambling began to appear, which significantly reduced the number of avid cheelers.
Deck of the XXI century
Each self-respecting player should know the history of his passion, including cards. What were they? What was the name before? Card suit of peaks by itself has an interesting story, not to mention others.
Many are also interested in the question of who became the author of famous images? To date, the cards have a fairly modern appearance, although they are made according to the sketches of the Chalmemanny, who invented these drawings in the past century. Although now cards are available almost to everyone, there are expensive decks of world brands that are intended mainly for poker or breeches. After passing several thousand years of history, they were modified and came in the twenty-first century exactly what they know today. Now for many, the origin of the cards is completely irrelevant: where did they come from and what they were called before. Card suit of peaks (like worms, trephies and tambourines) passed the fascinating path and deserves close attention.
Card games are probably one of the easiest and most common entertainment among young people who have gained popularity in the XIV century.
Who came up with playing cards and, what do cards symbolize cards?
Contrary to popular belief, playing cards were invented not in Europe, but in East Asia.
The Chinese's card games were the Chinese approximately In the 9th century AD. In the XII century, the innovation penetrated India, from there to the Arab East and, finally, to the XIV century reached Europe. The game was delivered to Russia only in the middle of the XVII century.
The Chinese instead of paper used wooden and bamboo planks. In India, they played round cards, and the Arabs, for religious reasons did not have the opportunity to portray people, instead of the usual card characters, geometric ornaments were applied - Arabesque.
Each European country had its own deck and its original symbols of masters and titles. For example, in the Spanish-Italian deck there were 40 cards, Swiss - 36, German - 32.
Russian deck is a prototype of a French deck with 54 cards and masters familiar to us - Cherry, peaks, tambourines, trees.
Given the high cost of the paper and the low literacy of the population, the cards were entertainment. However, the clergy is gambling. There were no such classes among their submitted and monarchs. Games in cards, bones and even chess often ended with duels and led to murder. As a result, in most countries gambling were prohibited.
Nevertheless, throughout Europe, a huge revenue has brought a huge trade in playing cards and has been comparable to alcohol trading or prostitution.
What do the lattice of the French deck symbolize?
There is no accurate answer to this question. However, researchers allocate Three versions : historical, social and religious.
Symbols of masters are largely similar to the gothic ornaments and are nothing more like a stylized image of knight's items.
Thus, peaks are a spear; Trephs - swords; worms - shields; The tambourines are known. Symbols are often found in medieval chronicles telling about the acts of kings and battles. You can detect them on the glasses of church cathedrals as an engraving.
Masty symbolize the classes of a medieval society.
Worms (heart) - clergy; Peaks (spears) - nobility; Bubnes (diamonds) - citizens who go through paved roads; Trephs (clover) - residents of the village.
From the point of view of the medieval clergy, which despised card games, masters symbolize the passion of Christ.
Trephs (cross) - the crucifix symbol; Peaks - a spear, which pierced Christ; Cherry - Sponge with vinegar; The tambourines are flat nails caps that were used during crucifixes.
Thus, the maps were considered as a mockery over the Christian faith.